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What is PCOS for females, and why do they get it?

PCOS is a condition that spurs fluctuations in the production of hormones in females. Aftermath of this is, they experience many problems like irregular or no menstrual periods, infertility, acne, excess hair growth on the body, baldness, and gaining weight. Treatment of PCOS is available when you want to get pregnant. Women with PCOS are at a higher risk of certain health issues like diabetes and cardiovascular disease. I would highly recommend reading “Can Super B complex help you Lose Weight?” which is an article recently published by one of the leading supplement manufacturers.

What is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)?

PCOS is a common syndrome; almost 5 to 10% of women belong between the age of 15–44 can become the victim of this syndrome. Mostly, women get through this condition in their 20s or 30s.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition that disturbs the level of hormones and alters females’ reproductive systems. In healthy or normal women, the women’s reproductive organs—ovaries produce hormones like estrogen and progesterone that control the menstruation cycle and secrete androgen hormone in small amounts. While women with PCOS produce androgen hormone in large amounts, its high level causes many problems in the body.

Ovulation process (release of egg) control by two hormones, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and luteinizing hormone (LH), that are produced in the pituitary gland. The former triggers the formation of a follicle or sac (carrying egg), and later, one stimulates the ovaries to release the egg. But during this syndrome, many follicles start to form in the ovaries, the egg is present in the follicle, but ovaries cannot release them at the right time. When ovaries do not ovulate regularly, it leads to irregular periods or no periods (amenorrhea). Then, women face difficulties getting pregnant or during pregnancy and increased female infertility.

These fluid-filled follicles are called cysts; therefore, polycystic means many cysts formed on the ovaries, hence, polycystic ovarian syndrome.

Women with PCOS also experience insulin resistance — a red flag that indicates that they are at more risk of diabetes and also for other people. Insulin resistance means your body cells do not respond to glucose, which is the fuel for producing energy in your body. Consequently, the pancreas makes more insulin to regulate glucose levels in the blood. Insulin high level shows an adverse effect on ovaries and disturbs the whole reproductive system.

Androgen is a male hormone, its high level in women promotes excessive hair growth (hirsutism) on the face, neck, chest, arm, legs, severe acne, and follow baldness pattern-like men.

Women with PCOS are diagnosed with diabetes and cardiovascular disease and are more likely than other women to not to get this syndrome. During this condition, women also become obese or gain excess weight.

Why do women get it?

There’s no exact reason to find out why women get PCOS yet. Women can get this syndrome any time after reaching to their puberty. This may be a part of your genes and inherited from your family. The studies showed that 24% of women get PCOS from their mother, and nearly 32% of the women’s sisters and aunts had a PCOS.

If you’re obese or overweight, you have a higher chance of getting polycystic ovary syndrome. Don’t be panic; women can get pregnant with PCOS after proper treatment.

Conclusion:

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a condition that develops in women and imbalance the hormonal level. During this syndrome, ovaries produce a high level of androgen hormones, including testosterone, which enhances hair growth on the body like in men. Insulin resistance issue also happens with PCOS women, and they can experience more heart and diabetes disease than other people. Thus, different treatments are available while you wish to become a mother.

Reference:

https://www.healthline.com/health/polycystic-ovary-disease#health-effects

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