The small country Georgia, which is located at the Black Sea coast is becoming the object of interest for numerous tourists. Mild climate, incredible beauty of the landscapes, pure springs, intoxicating aromas of city bazaars…
Having seen the variety of sights of Georgia at least once, you will definitely deside to return to this country again and again. Not only the amazing nature, beautiful beaches and ski resorts attract travelers from all over the world to Georgia, the country is also rich with historical and cultural monuments, inspired by the spirit of ancient legends and biblical tales. To understand what we are talking about, check the main landmarks of Georgia.
The best way to travel in the country is to rent car in Tbilisi. I can suggest GSS Car Rental company as they have reliable vehicles, affordable prices and friendly stuff. Visit https://gsscarrental.com and make a booking for the time you are going to visit Georgia.
The main monastery temple of Jvari (which means Cross) hangs over the gorge where the Aragvi flows into the Kura river. According to the legend, this is the place where the enlightener of Georgia, Saint Nino, mounted a cross woven from a vine. The temple seems to merge with the rock or is its continuation, it organically fits into the general appearance of the area. The construction technique based on sticking one block of stone into another makes the structure firm as the rock at the foot of the monastery.
The interior of Jvari monastery is not complex, simplicity and asceticism are evident in everything. No frescoes, a few icons and candlesticks, a huge cross with relief images of biblical subjects extending to the top of the dome. There are small shopping malls with souvenirs, national dishes and other exotic items located lower down the mountain slope. Jvari Monastery is a beautiful landmark of Georgia, which every tourist should see.
Next outstanding landmark of Georgia is Ananuri Castle. You will definitely need to rent car in Tbilisi to reach it. This is an architectural complex, dating from the XIII-XVII centuries, a well-preserved perimeter of the fortress with several temples, a chapel and some other buildings inside. Most of the buildings were destroyed, and the lower ones are underwater of Zhinvali mountain reservoir, built on Aragvi at the end of the XX century. This is one of the most beautiful places in Georgia that has preserved traces of the tragic history of internecine wars, at the end of the XVIII century the inhabitants of Tiflis were fleeing from Persian invasion here.
The central place in Ananuri complex was built at the end of the XVII century in classical style, with carved decorations on the western wall. Frescoes with images of the Assyrian holy fathers, who laid the foundation for Georgian monasticism, are preserved. There is an incredible number of mysterious ruins, small and large towers, around the perimeter of the temple. Spectacular view of the entire castle opens here.
Due to the extreme popularity of this place, the district is replete with restaurants and other food outlets built in an old style.
The same age as Tbilisi, Narikala fortress is considered as the “heart and soul” of Georgian capital and one of the most beautiful sights in the country. The thickness of its walls and the grandeur of the towers indicate original-defensive-purpose of this massive structure located in the lower part of the Holy Mtatsminda Mountain. At first, the citadel was called Shuris-Tsikhe (“Enviable Fortress”), and it really had something to be proud of. For example, a water supply system conducted through canals and aqueducts to the uppermost buildings.
Mongol conquerors renamed the fortress to Naryn-Kala, and over time this name was finally fixed for the fortress. As the urban area expanded, the buildings of the citadel also grew, descending lower and lower to the waters of Kura. Despite the grandiosity of the fortification, this landmark of Tbilisi has been repeatedly destroyed and rebuilt. The earthquake in 1827 also led to significant destruction. Currently Narikala complex has been supplemented by restored St. George’s Church, built in the XII century, and a cable car through the Kura from Rike Park, which is the easiest way to get to the fortress.
The south-eastern part of the Georgian capital is occupied by the most colorful district – the Old City, which is its historical center. Its territory occupies both banks of the Kura River and is located on the square built in the XII century. This is a real city of contrasts and confessional tolerance – within the district there are Orthodox churches of Georgia, Synagogue, a Shiite-Sunite mosque (there is only one mosque, so Muslims of different religions pray here), and Armenian Church. The same diversity is also distinguished by the people inhabiting the area – Georgians, Armenians, Jews, Azerbaijanis, Assyrians, Kurds and many others find a common language here.
In this part of Tbilisi, it seems that time has stopped – the narrow streets are built up with buildings of medieval architecture, street bazaars amaze with a variety of goods, including antique and rare samples of Transcaucasian culture, and right from the windows of old houses you can see the most ancient sights of Tbilisi – Narikala fortress, Zion Cathedral, Metekhi Temple, Anchiskhati Church and Abanotubani quarter with sulfur baths of the ruler of Rostom.
After visiting some of these landmarks, it is impossible not to feel the atmosphere of antiquity, friendliness and hospitality that reigns here. Just rent car in Tbilisi and visit these places to feel it yourself.
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