Electronic prescription (E- prescription) enables doctors to input prescription data into a computer and securely send it to pharmacies. Indeed, electronic prescription e prescription is a broad phrase that refers to the use of computer equipment to input, amend, evaluate, produce, or send medicine prescriptions that prepare two-way exchanges between the point of care and the dispenser. E-prescribing is quickly expanding, not just because technology has improved but also because of the significant advantages for patients and health care professionals. Strengthening healthcare systems is a time-consuming and challenging task. Nowadays, e-Health has appeared as a rapidly evolving technology and a valuable tool for meeting daily healthcare demands. In this respect, the rate at which information technology is being used to enhance the quality, safety, and efficiency of prescribing and dispensing pharmaceuticals has advanced significantly in recent years.
The Benefits of E-Prescription
There are several advantages to e-prescribing for all parties involved, including doctors, pharmacists, and patients. Here are a few advantages of e-prescription:
1. Electronic Prescription System Standards
Systems from diverse vendors must be able to easily interoperate and share prescription data in order to communicate crucial information included in drug prescriptions within disparate health care settings. The inability to transmit information across numerous systems in a consistent style and language has been a significant impediment to improving the pharmaceutical prescription process, resulting in higher costs, redundancies, as well as inefficiencies. As a result, the necessity for electronic prescription standards has become more apparent.
2. Allergies, Drug Interactions, And Duplicate Therapies Are Immediately Notified
E-Prescribing provides prescribers with complete access to a patient’s past prescription history at the touch of a mouse. System alerts notify prescribers about allergies, probable drug interactions, duplicate therapy, pregnancy, and other conditions that might exclude patients from taking a specific prescription.
Electronic prescriptions are much more secure than handwritten prescriptions. Paper prescriptions are prone to transcription mistakes and are obvious targets for theft and manipulation, making it very simple for drug-seeking individuals to change prescriptions by increasing dose, the amount is given, or the number of medicine refills. E-prescriptions are also given directly to the pharmacy, avoiding the patient’s exposure to the physician’s DEA number. DEA number theft may result in various complications, including physician identity theft and temporary unavailability to E-prescribe restricted medications. Some of the most enticing advantages of E-prescribing are higher patient safety, fewer prescription mistakes, more accessible access to patient medication information, and improved pharmacy efficiency. Although e-prescribing avoids inevitable mistakes, it may also amplify new errors and reintroduce issues comparable to those seen with traditional prescriptions if not used with caution. To ensure patient safety and quality, doctors and pharmacists must still thoroughly verify all prescription components for correctness.
4. Prevent Drug Prescription Errors
According to the FDA, there have been up to 95,000 prescription medication mistakes since 2000. Contributing to these misconceptions are medications with similar-sounding names or spellings. Valtrex (valACYclovir) or even Valcyte (valGANciclovir), for example, are both used to treat cytomegalovirus (CMV), although for different reasons. It is a concern when a heart transplant patient receives Valtrex when they need Valcyte. By employing E-Prescribing, that both doctors and others who handle the prescription along the route may be certain they are providing the right drug to the patient.
5. Patient Safety Has Been Improved
E-prescribing is meant to replace handwriting, faxing, or phoning in prescriptions, with the most notable advancement being an increase in patient safety and quality of treatment. Handwritten prescription mistakes might include selecting an inappropriate or unavailable medicine or dose, duplicating treatment, omitting information, and misinterpreting the order due to unclear handwriting. Every year, illegible prescription orders cause millions of calls from pharmacists and doctors, potentially delaying patient treatment. Furthermore, not all errors are detected, which may result in patient harm.
6. Substance Controlled Prescriptions Monitored
Prescribers may keep track of how many restricted drug prescriptions a patient has gotten, reducing the possibility of over-prescribing or even doctor shopping. E-prescribing allows governments to monitor data across numerous pharmacies more easily. Prescription drug monitoring programs are available in several states (PDMP). A PDMP is a statewide computerized database that gathers detailed information on the drugs supplied in the state. Prescribers of Schedule II, III, and IV restricted drugs must reference the PDMP register before writing prescriptions.
7. Improved Medication Adherence in Patients
There is no efficient method to monitor whether a handwritten prescription was filled after being given to a patient by a clinician. Patients often forget to complete prescriptions, are unable to pay the drug, misplace the piece of paper, or begin to feel better and opt not to take the medication. E-prescribing enables doctors to check whether patients have filled their prescriptions and, if not, to coach them on drug management. Physicians also obtain information into the regularity with which patients complete restricted substance prescriptions, making it more straightforward to detect suspected drug addiction.
8. Track Prescription Fulfillment Easily
When a patient departs with a handwritten prescription, it is impossible to know whether the medication was filled. Prescribers may monitor whether or not patients complete prescriptions via E-Prescribing, allowing doctors to coach patients on drug management if necessary. Prescribers may also track how often restricted substance prescriptions are filled in order to detect possible drug misuse.
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